The term batik has always been associated with the Javanese culture and tradition.
Batik has been the tradition and culture of the island of Java for centuries. The origin of batik itself is unknown since batik has undergone changes throughout the history absorbing new culture and ideology from different parts of the eastern and oriental world. Batik as we know it now has been influenced by some of Chinese culture, Islamic culture, and the area where the batik is designed and produced.
The style and pattern of batik are geographically and sub ethnically dependent.
There are two distinct styles of batik that have been around for centuries, first is the coastal style which has strong and colourful design in the form of tropical flora and fauna typically from the city of Pekalongan. The second is the inland style of batik which has predominant colours combination of brown, blue, and black mostly from the central of Java typically from the city of Solo formerly the capital of kingdom of Surakarta. Each individual batik sheet is uniquely designed and individually hand-painted making each individual batik sheet is one of a kind in the world.
Batik has always been an important part of life of the people of Java.
It is worn by the people of Java of all level of society from peasants to Royal families. The style and quality of the batik sheet represents social status. Any particular design can only be worn by a particular social group such as the Royal court who has their own distinct style and design and produced using high quality material only.